Math > Year 2

Equivalent fractions

What is Equivalent?
Equivalent means equal in value.

 

What is a fraction?
A fraction is a part of a whole. A fraction has a numerator (top part) and a denominator (bottom part).

 

What are Equivalent Fractions?
Equivalent fractions are different fractions that have equal value.


 

Example of Equivalent Fractions

Using Shape:


 

The shaded region for \frac{1}{2} is the same as the shaded region for \frac{2}{4}.
Hence, \frac{1}{2}  and  \frac{2}{4} are equivalent fractions.

Using Bar Model:

 



The shaded region for \frac{1}{3} is the same as the shaded region for \frac{2}{6}.

Hence, \frac{1}{3} and \frac{2}{6} are equivalent fractions.


Using Fraction Wall:



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