A clock has some numbers and some hands.

The **small hand** shows **hours**.

The **large hand** shows **minutes**.

**Half hour**

There are 60 minutes in an hour.

30 minutes make half an hour. It is read as ‘half past the hour.'

At half past, the hour hand is halfway from one number to the next number.

For example,

In this clock, the hour hand is exactly between 4 and 5.

The minute hand points to 6 i.e., 30 minutes.

The time shown by the clock is half past 4.

**Quarter Hour**

Quarter means one-fourth.

An hour has 60 minutes.

A quarter of an hour means 15 minutes.

When the minute hand points to 3, it is called ‘quarter past.’

When the minute hand points to 9, it is called ‘quarter to.’

**Example 1**

The minute hand points to 3 and the hour hand is past 1.

The time shown by the clock is quarter past 1.

**Example 2**

The minute hand points to 9 and the hour is about to reach 7.

The time shown by the clock is quarter to 1.

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